NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Having pets at home can help reduce the risk of childhood allergies and obesity in adulthood, according to a recent Canadian study.
The study was conducted by researchers at the University of Alberta,
and published their findings in the journal (Microbiome) scientific.
To reach the results of the study, the researchers analyzed stool samples,
collected from 746 infants who were part of a study of pregnant women in Canada, between 2009 and 2018.
More than half of the infants participating in the study had to deal with
at least one pet at home while in their mothers’ womb during pregnancy or after childbirth,
and 70% of the pets during the study were dogs.
The researchers found that children who are exposed to pets during pregnancy in their mothers’
or postpartum stomachs have increased levels of two types of friendly bacteria, Ruminococcus and Oscillopsia,
which are associated with reduced childhood susceptibility to childhood allergies and obesity?
When stool samples taken from infants exposed to domestic animals were compared with samples
taken from children who did not live with pets at all,
the levels of beneficial microbes were significantly higher in the group that lived with pets.
“The results of the study suggest that exposure to even small quantities of so-called friendly bacteria
when children are young makes them less likely
to develop health problems later in life, such as asthma,” said lead researcher Dr. Anita Kozerskig, professor of epidemiology and pediatrics at the University of Alberta.
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease, resulting from the presence of inflammation and spasm in the airways,
which leads to blockage, which affects males and females at all stages of life,
and is the speed of breathing and (breath of breath) and cough and chest infection.
Asthma is linked to allergies and affects people,
especially children, who have genetic factors for certain allergens, such as dust, cats, mice, and cockroaches.